Marjoram is a somewhat cold-sensitive perennial herb or undershrub with sweet pine and citrus flavors. In some Middle Eastern countries, marjoram is synonymous with oregano, and there the names sweet marjoram and knotted marjoram are used to distinguish it from other plants of the genus Origanum. It is also called pot marjoram, although this name is also used for other cultivated species of Origanum.The name marjoram (Old French majorane, Medieval Latin majorana) does not directly derive from the Latin word maior (major). Marjoram is indigenous to Cyprus and southern Turkey, and was known to the Greeks and Romans as a symbol of happiness.Leaves are smooth, simple, petiolated, ovate to oblong-ovate, (0.5-1.5 cm) long, (0.2-0.8 cm) wide, with obtuse apex, entire margin, symmetrical but tapering base, and reticulate venation. The texture is extremely smooth due to the presence of numerous hairs.
HOW TO GROW
- Provide a suitable growing location.Marjoram likes a full sun aspect.
- Prepare the soil.Light, rich soil is the preferred soil type for marjoram. It likes slightly alkaline, lime-rich soil.
- The area should be mulched after planting because marjoram has shallow roots.
- Choose to grow seed or seedling.Seed germination is slow, about two weeks. If you grow from seed, keep the seedbed moist during the entire time of germination. Once sprouted, you can water less intensively. If sowing by seed, sow in spring.
- Marjoram can be purchased as seedlings from most good nurseries.
- It can also be grown from cuttings, layering, or division. Cuttings can be taken in late spring or early summer.
- Marjoram is best harvested just before the flowers open
- Keep the soil slightly moist around plants. Try to cultivate often to prevent weed competition and aerate the soil. Add 1 inch of compost in a 12-inch circle around the plants after each harvest to nourish them.
- rust- Caused by fungus
- Spider mites
- Marjoram tea is also used for various digestion problems including poor appetite, liver disease, gallstones, intestinal gas, and stomach cramps.
- Some women use marjoram tea for relieving symptoms of menopause, treating mood swings related to menstrual periods, starting menstruation, and promoting the flow of breast milk.
- Other uses include treating diabetes, sleep problems, muscle spasms, headaches, sprains, bruises and back pain.
- It is also used as a nerve tonic and a heart tonic, and to promote better blood circulation.Marjoram oil is used for coughs, gall bladder complaints, stomach cramps and digestive disorders, depression, dizziness, migraines, nervous headaches, nerve pain, paralysis, coughs, runny nose; and as a water pill.