Agriculture is the backbone of India, for that villages are playing a vital role to keep backbone healthy. In ancient times farmers were using naturel fertilizer for crop cultivation so they were living long life without any disease. There was no water scarcity at that time, population was very less, so people did not meet any problem to do agriculture. But today everything has been changed. From 1960 to 2000 the country’s population more than doubled – from 448 million to 1.04 billion – and increased to 1.27 billion by 2013. India is home to 17.5% of the world’s population. The rapid growing population brought the question in front of government that how to feed the people?.
In late 1960’s Indian government introduced Green Revolution…new, high-yielding varieties (HYVs) of cereals, wheat and rices, in association with chemical fertilizers and agro-chemicals, and with controlled water-supply and new methods of cultivation, including mechanization, distribution of hybridized seeds, synthetic fertilizers, and pesticides to farmers. All of these together were seen as a ‘package of practices’ to supersede ‘traditional’ technology and to be adopted as a whole. Then agricultural sector in India developed drastically as a result of new advances.
People were very happy of surplus agricultural production, but after few years India witnessed high number of disease like diabetes, cancer, kidney failure, hypertension, respiratory illness… etc. In recent years, the two-decade-old clinic has seen more and more Indians — patients who reflect the shifting demographics of the disease nationwide. Green Revolution have been coupled with unanticipated harmful consequences from chemical pollution. “People are fed up with chemical farming,” says Amarjit Sharma, a farmer for 30 years who began organic farming four years ago. “The earth is now addicted to the use of these chemicals”.In many cases, rural farmers don’t know proper usage and disposal techniques, with few using protective clothing or equipment when handling highly toxic chemicals. In farming villages, pesticide containers are sometimes reused as kitchen containers. And many farmers assume that applying more pesticides and herbicides is better, without understanding that the heavy use is gradually poisoning water supplies.
Some research does support these fears. A recent Punjabi University study found a high rate of genetic damage among farmers, which was attributed to pesticide use. The study found DNA damage affecting a third of the sample group of 210 farmers spraying pesticides and herbicides, a level apparently unaffected by other factors such as age, smoking, and dietary habits.
A second study, also made public this past year, found widespread contamination of drinking water with pesticide chemicals and heavy metals, all of which are linked to cancer and other life-threatening ailments.
Some doctors and activists are pressing farmers to go back to earlier agricultural techniques, even at the expense of reducing India’s farm production. “What are you achieving by feeding people at the cost of their health?”. But while some farmers talk of going organic, in reality they cannot do, because sudden changes will lead that farmers should face less agricultural production, more investment on organic fertilizer and so on. So farmers are getting fear of economically vulnerable in initial stage of organic farming.
Kvsmt will help rural dwellers to go back our traditional methods of agriculture with modern technology by getting GOI support and we are recommending subsidies organic fertilizer by central government approved companies, to get crop insurance and to get maximum benefit of all government schemes. This organization is working for doubling farmer’s income before 2025 with organic way of agriculture.